10 Common Symptoms of Dementia
Dementia is a condition where thinking and social symptoms interfere with being able to function in your daily life. Basically, two of your brain functions are impaired - memory loss and judgment. Alzheimer’s Disease type of dementia.
Medications and therapies can help manage symptoms of dementia, and some may be reversible – such as those due to thyroid and vitamin issues.
Symptom 1: Short-Term Memory Loss
Do you forget where you put your keys or purse? Miss a dentist appointment? Forget to pack a lunch for your hubby or kids?
Dementia causes forgetfulness and memory loss. Your mental decline and confusion, which tends to happen more often in the evening hours, makes you feel disoriented or unable to recognize common things and items.
Symptom 2: Trouble Communicating
Do you struggle finding the right words to express your ideas? Is your speech sometimes jumbled?
With dementia, you are unable to effectively speak or understand language. Sometimes, you make things up.
Symptom 3: Change in Personality
Dementia impacts your personality and social skills. You may become irritable and restless. Also, you will experience mood swings, where you are happy at one moment, but mad – apparently for no obvious reason – the next moment.
Dementia changes you, you are no longer the same person you once were. And of course, you are frustrated by that.
Symptom 4: Apathetic
Have you lost interest in your hobbies and interests? Could you care less about exercising every day, watching your favorite TV show, taking your dog for a walk, or reading a book?
Apathy is when you are no longer motivated to do things, or express a lack of interest in things. Apathy is very common with people suffering from dementia. Unfortunately, apathy tends to continue and grow rather than decline as dementia progresses.
Symptom 5: Routine Tasks
Do you have trouble completing routine tasks? Can you no longer finish mowing the lawn or ironing clothes? Do you stop making dinner before a meal can be served?
You become unable to handle basic planning, decision-making, and organizational tasks. However, maintaining a regular routine and having a caregiver help with daily tasks can keep those with dementia calm and focused.
Symptom 6: Paranoia/Hallucinations
Due to changes in how your brain function, those with dementia experience depression, hallucinations, and paranoia.
Although the hallucinations and paranoia are false, it is good to learn how to handle and respond to people experiencing them. Try to identify triggers, coping strategies, and treatment options.
Symptom 7: Muscle Movements
With dementia, you are unable to combine muscle movements, resulting in unsteady walking or falling. You could have stiffness and rigidity, and move slower than usual.
Or it may make you do involuntary movements, as well as have spasms and twitches.
Symptom 8: Depression
Do you feel sad or hopeless? Do you have low self-esteem? Do you eat too much or too little? Are you tired most of the time? All signs of depression.
Due to the changes you experience because of dementia, you may become significantly depressed. Depression tends to go along with anxiety and apathy. Depression can be diagnosed early on, but it may come and go as the dementia progresses.
Symptom 9: Restless
With dementia, you often feel restless and restrained. You go off on your own, only to get lost. You can’t remember how to get back home.
A dementia patient may be watched 24x7 or reside in a facility, but there are still chances they will wander and need to be found.
Symptom 10: Sleep Disorder
Everyone wants a good night’s sleep – including those with dementia!
Being restless can interfere with your sleep. In general, dementia cause sleep disruptions. There are treatments that aid you in getting enough rest.